Essay on Adoption: Pros and Cons of Child Adoption


As a rule, essays on adoption examine the two types of adoption, namely closed or confidential adoption and open adoption that has gained popularity since the early 1980s. Adoption essay topics are diverse. They may include the pros and cons of adoption or the issue of child adoption by homosexual couples, which is a goal of gay adoption essay. They might also reflect some ideas on the issue of either closed or open adoption. Adoption essays are aimed to make it clear why adopted children often suffer from various associated problems and what concerns their parents have in relation to the upbringing of non-biological children. The following persuasive essay on adoption will examine the advantages and disadvantage of adoption regardless of its type. The essay on adoption presented below will explore the issue from the perspectives of both adoptive families and adoptees. This will ensure that the readers clearly understand what adoption means and what consequences it is associated with. The following adoption essay will also give a definition of closed and open adoption in order to clarify what these concepts mean. The current essay about adoption will further conclude whether most adopted children feel safe in their new home environment and whether their parents are satisfied with the results of child adoption.

The current adoption argumentative essay will start from giving a definition of closed and open adoption as well as briefly discussing the time periods when these concepts came into being. A closed or confidential adoption is the kind of adoption when there is no relationship between the birth of a child and adoptive families. This kind of adoption was popular from the 1950s till the 1980s, and was afterwards replaced by the open adoption, which at that time started to quickly gain popularity with young couples across the world. In case of confidential or closed adoption, the adoption agencies serve as mediators, while the adoptive families obtain confidential information about the biological parents of a child without identifying who these people are. Such information includes the medical history of biological parents as well as a description of their physical characteristics.

Many parents have an enjoyable experience in the process of adoption, while others are not satisfied with it. Here is a list of pros and cons of adoption, which should be taken into account before making the final decision. Young couples should first of all evaluate whether it would be reasonable to adopt a child or not.


  • The first advantage of adoption consists in rescuing a child. The process of adoption is aimed at finding good candidates for the role of parents, while excluding those who would not be able to handle the task. If a good and well-natured family adopts a child, he/she receives enough support and care necessary for an enjoyable childhood experience. Perhaps, the child is going to have new siblings in his/her new family and build good relations with them that would last for the lifetime. Some of the adopted children are used to abusive behavior, violence and neglect on behalf of adults. Therefore, if they enter a peaceful environment in their new family, they will have a carefree childhood and will get a chance to forget about negative experience in the past.
  • Adoption also represents a kind of assistance provided to the biological parents of a child. In some cases, adoption provides a number of benefits to the birth mother. For example, if the birth mother of a child is a teenager who would otherwise struggle hard to provide necessary conditions for her child while going to school or working, adoption is the best way out of the situation. In some other cases, parents may be physically or psychologically incapable of raising a child on their own. When such parents are deprived of parental rights for the purpose of adoption, they seek help required to provide good life conditions for their child. Adoptive parents in this case would provide necessary care for the new arrival and would cover all the expenses for the legal process of adopting a child.
  • As for the benefits for the adoptive family, it needs to be noted that families want to adopt a child for a variety of reasons. Some of them are unable to have a biological child but are dreaming of having kids. Some others want to avoid the challenging process of pregnancy so they see adoption as the best way out. In these cases, adoption provides multiple benefits for the adoptive families.


  • One of the disadvantages of adoption lies in the fact that it is a long and tiresome process. Once the parents have decided on what agency is best suited for them, they will start the application process, which might take a considerable amount of time. During this process, the agency will examine the ability of parents to raise a child as well as their financial background. They will further be placed on a waiting list before they finally get a chance to adopt a child. This process might take several months or even years. Therefore, such a challenge makes adoption a rather complicated procedure that requires much persistence from the adoptive family.
  • Adoption is also associated with multiple expenses. Some types of adoption might cost around $2,500, so not many families can afford such procedure. At the same time, some employers provide an opportunity to pay some of the expenses to assist with the process of child adoption. Nevertheless, adoption remains a costly procedure, which is not affordable to all families.
  • One more disadvantage is the challenging children. The adopted children might assimilate well into the new environment with all love and care provided to them. However, in later life they might have some psychological problems caused by the fact that they have been adopted. Some of them feel that they are a burden to their new family and tend to blame themselves for any problems faced by the family. This negatively affects their self-esteem and results in depression.

The arguments examined in the current paper prove that adoption is a challenging procedure despite all the benefits associated with rescuing a child from a negative environment. Therefore, it is up to parents to decide whether they wish to adopt a child or not. Parents should take into account all pros and cons of adoption before arriving at the final decision.

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