The term imperialism does not mean that we are going to talk about the empires. Now we are going to discuss this type of politics. Those governments, which main goal is to conquer other territories and colonies, to establish political or economic control over other states are usually described in essays on imperialism.
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So let us start our essay about politics of imperialism. We will also talk a little about imperialism in Europe, in America and in Africa.
What Is Imperialism
I am sure that most of us have heard such word as “imperialism”, but I am not sure that everybody knows the real meaning of this word. For example, first association with “imperialism” is empire. But these words have nothing to one another. In our new imperialism essay we are going to explain this phenomenon.
Imperialism – it is a type of government politics, when one country wants to be always number one and tries to conquer other territories, to establish own laws and rules in other states. In other words, this is a doctrine of equality of people.
Evidences of imperialism can be:
Looking back into the world history, we can notice that a lot of countries faced with this brutal type of politics. In our essay we are going to talk a little about American, African and European imperialism.
The United States are prosperous country. Some historians are sure that from the very beginning Americans were the nation of conquest. Americans had a desire for expansion is from the early history of the United States. Another historian, Paul Kennedy teaches that since the first settlers in Virginia they began to move west, and in general it was imperial, aggressive nation.
At the end of XIX century The USA were interested in the developing such states as Hawaii and Latin America. They were not the part of the USA. But Americans were able to criticize or even occupy these countries, if they become politically unstable.
Trade and industry are two main factors which are typical to imperialism. In 1898 Americans decided that it is necessary to expend their market (for example to bring their products to Latin America or Hawaii). Americans factories produced products more than it was possible to use, American soil forth more than they can consume. So, American nation decided to make the world trade their own. More interesting information about American history we can find in african american history essay.
In general American imperialism was described by John Flynn: “The enemy aggressor is always pursuing a course of larceny, murder, rapine and barbarism. We are always moving forward with high mission, a destiny imposed by the Deity to regenerate our victims, while incidentally capturing their markets; to civilize savage and senile and paranoid peoples, while blundering accidentally into their oil wells”.
European Imperialism took place in the 19th and 20th centuries. European countries had survived the industrial revolution. This revolution brought them success and prosperity, so the states started to think about the conquest of Africa and Asia. It was profitable because of new economic growth, sense of moral superiority. So the countries started to compete with each other.
At first Europeans just wanted to trade on other territories, but later they decided to establish their political control on the African and Asian lands. It was very beneficial from the economic point of view. European countries needed new territories to sell their products, and they could not find something better then Africa and Asia. And it was also very profitably to create colonies, from which European factories received very cheap materials.
At that time the land was the same as power. And if the country had joined a lot of other territories, it became more and more mighty. Each country wanted to be the best, so there were many serious conflicts and sometimes even wars.
Imperialism in Africa had another character. Africa interested a lot of European countries. Africa was opened and other countries (like Great Britain) used their chance. By the last quarter of the 19th century dozens of expeditions, furrowed Africa up and down. Their main purpose was to prepare the country for the seizure and plunder. European started to trade with Africa, but as a result only a few colonies appeared.
At last European countries could not divide Africa and it was a serious conflict which could escalate into war. Than appeared Berlin Act and clarified some nuances. For example, trade in the Congo Basin became free for all nations, the Slave trade has had to disappear forever, etc.
But it was difficult for African people to stay calm, while their country was conquered by other nations. Africans were frustrated and very upset of such European actions. Naturally a lot of movements for independence and freedom started. People inspired one another and tried to save their country. But from the world history we know what happened eventually.
As we can see the phenomenon of imperialism was very popular during a lot of centuries. Many countries worried about their future, they tried to expand their borders and to become more and more successful and prosperous. At last anti-imperialism appeared. It tried to stop active policy of conquest foreign lands with foreign languages and cultures.